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Appendix 5



Significant collocates in the initial history corpus



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Type (a) N(a) Type (b) N(b) C z

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hallucinations 187 auditory 126 123 110.16

features 220 vegetative 136 134 105.69

year 521 old 398 350 98.57

x 141 dr 124 90 91.54

suicidal 317 ideation 177 145 85.64

hallucinations 187 visual 54 55 75.31

loss 92 weight 44 35 74.39

abuse 305 substance 111 99 74.22

disorder 219 affective 80 70 71.79

admission 345 prior 147 117 70.49

bipolar 173 affective 80 59 66.55

insomnia 94 initial 28 25 65.37

abuse 305 alcohol 279 135 63.20

disorder 219 bipolar 173 92 62.90

of 2015 history 866 699 62.22

auditory 126 visual 54 36 58.93

suicide 237 attempts 95 62 56.27

has 499 been 285 164 54.92

problems 223 financial 62 46 54.82

known 304 bipolar 173 94 52.59

poor 265 concentration 61 49 52.41

suicide 237 attempt 86 55 51.96

as 235 diagnosed 109 61 50.15

paranoid 225 delusions 177 74 50.11

sleep 142 decreased 95 43 48.90

ward 202 487 119 55 47.96

previous 345 admissions 173 90 47.70

years 360 ago 256 109 47.22

appetite 142 energy 101 41 46.71

old 398 woman 67 59 46.38

behaviour 226 bizarre 59 39 46.17

old 398 female 57 54 46.11

appetite 142 decreased 95 40 45.88

appetite 142 sleep 142 47 43.99

by 398 brought 118 74 43.92

suicide 237 attempted 48 35 43.62

old 398 male 59 52 43.56

appetite 142 loss 92 37 43.29

presented 172 who 163 56 42.80

problems 223 marital 39 29 42.66

episode 119 first 64 28 42.62

disorder 219 personality 101 47 42.59

poor 265 appetite 142 61 41.74

by 398 dr 124 71 41.44

home 125 age 66 27 40.46

year 521 woman 67 59 40.35

year 521 male 59 55 40.16

year 521 female 57 54 40.14

hospital 132 Milfield 53 25 40.09

depression 585 features 220 109 39.88

appetite 142 insomnia 94 34 39.67

schizophrenic 107 chronic 99 31 39.55

known 304 well 208 78 39.48

not 323 coping 31 29 38.63

energy 101 decreased 95 28 38.53

od 228 took 80 40 38.42

abuse 305 cannabis 54 36 38.33

depression 585 vegetative 136 81 37.48

known 304 schizophrenic 107 52 36.93

2 401 weeks 241 87 35.45

history 866 family 231 126 35.35

behaviour 226 inappropriate 43 25 35.12

to 1589 prior 147 137 35.11

with 1232 presented 172 131 34.47

admissions 173 multiple 80 31 34.38

poor 265 sleep 142 51 34.31

by 398 referred 150 66 34.29

depression 585 major 79 56 34.20

days 119 few 88 26 33.98

not 323 sleeping 70 39 33.88

treated 211 previously 154 47 33.67

poor 265 energy 101 41 33.62

old 398 man 53 38 33.55

family 231 psych 130 44 33.45

old 398 who 163 68 33.35

months 284 ago 256 69 33.33

at 489 home 125 63 33.33

not 323 eating 53 33 33.24

manic 131 episode 119 31 33.16

ward 202 medical 78 31 32.72

from 432 discharged 79 47 32.61

admissions 173 sterkfontein 117 35 32.52

old 398 lady 33 29 32.48

of 2015 depression 585 316 32.28

to 1589 due 75 88 32.05

one 139 month 133 33 31.32

sleep 142 energy 101 28 31.31

year 521 lady 33 32 31.28

depressed 299 feeling 94 41 31.27

hallucinations 187 delusions 177 42 31.14

for 977 years 360 153 30.79

history 866 week 155 91 30.64

for 977 months 284 133 30.60

history 866 long 97 70 30.23

at 489 work 95 49 30.20

to 1589 be 85 89 29.99

history 866 psych 130 80 29.64

year 521 who 163 69 29.19

year 521 man 53 38 29.13

known 304 disorder 219 59 29.11

3 316 weeks 241 64 29.09

very 231 anxious 72 28 28.99

as 235 well 208 50 28.89

since 207 then 81 29 28.83

family 231 positive 68 27 28.83

to 1589 admission 345 182 28.83

of 2015 loss 92 101 28.77

admission 345 before 91 37 28.46

admitted 460 via 31 26 28.14

in 1127 brought 118 84 28.13

by 398 x 141 51 27.48

referred 150 dr 124 29 27.45

history 866 abuse 305 115 27.37

known 304 affective 80 33 27.18



to 1589 unable 58 66 26.96

no 379 psychiatric 113 42 26.55

week 155 one 139 30 26.23

3 316 months 284 63 26.22

problems 223 social 96 28 26.20

history 866 psychiatric 113 65 26.15

on 605 admission 345 97 26.15

to 1589 487 119 92 25.99

by 398 seen 70 34 25.89

from 432 transferred 74 36 25.60

Valhalla 208 admissions 173 37 25.15

previously 154 diagnosed 109 25 25.00

behaviour 226 aggressive 147 34 24.97

old 398 presented 172 53 24.73

on 605 lithium 78 41 24.19

had 437 been 285 71 23.95

months 284 few 88 29 23.75

previous 345 attempts 95 33 23.64

months 284 6 134 36 23.51

1 159 week 155 29 23.38

suicidal 317 depressed 299 57 23.19

history 866 month 133 65 23.10

old 398 age 66 29 22.88

from 432 referred 150 47 22.77

2 401 years 360 71 22.53

od 228 following 103 27 22.28

with 1232 history 866 228 22.09

delusions 177 auditory 126 25 22.02

weeks 241 prior 147 32 21.68

of 2015 abuse 305 153 21.64

patient 786 known 304 93 21.48

ago 256 weeks 241 42 21.34

of 2015 complains 38 48 21.33

for 977 weeks 241 89 21.27

od 228 an 140 30 21.19

2 401 months 284 58 20.86

history 866 strong 41 31 20.83

suicidal 317 feeling 94 28 20.77

previous 345 psychiatric 113 32 20.70

history 866 depression 585 134 20.61

in 1127 the 366 120 20.59

with 1232 presents 44 39 20.56

with 1232 presenting 33 33 20.37

for 977 3 316 100 20.08

admission 345 days 119 31 20.00

depressed 299 mood 123 30 19.85

and 2194 visual 54 56 19.79

depression 585 anxiety 84 34 19.77

depressed 299 very 231 42 19.67

history 866 positive 68 38 19.52

history 866 no 379 99 19.35

and 2194 hallucinations 187 110 19.34

for 977 2 401 111 19.33

history 866 alcohol 279 82 19.30

no 379 psych 130 34 19.21

months 284 over 98 25 19.02

admitted 460 following 103 34 18.99

to 1589 kill 31 33 18.97

to 1589 admitted 460 161 18.94

been 285 treated 211 38 18.76

years 360 10 86 26 18.73

to 1589 Valhalla 208 96 18.72

and 2194 suicidal 317 148 18.61

to 1589 hospital 132 73 18.52

ago 256 6 134 27 18.46

previous 345 psych 130 31 18.11

to 1589 tried 37 36 18.08



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Note. N(a) and N(b) are the frequencies of the corresponding types. C is the collocational frequency of the two types. z is the z-score. A span of 8 words (4 at either side of the target word) and a minimum collocational frequency of 5 was used. All significant word pairs to a minimu z-score of 18.08 are shown.